Who Should I Refer?
As a staff, faculty, friend or parent you are in a good position to identify who might
need help as you see and talk to students on a regular basis and often in stressful
situations. If you notice that a student is exhibiting one or more of the following
academic, physical or emotional signs, or you just have a "gut-feeling" that something
is wrong, make a referral.
- Deterioration in quality/quantity of work
- A negative change in classroom or research performance (e.g., drop in grades)
- Missed assignments or exams
- Repeated absences from class or from research lab
- Decline in enthusiasm in class (e.g., no longer participating in class discussion)
- Student sends frequent, lengthy, "ranting" or threatening types of emails to professor/TA
- Continual seeking of special provisions (e.g., late papers, extensions, postponed exams, and projects)
- Emotions (sadness, nervousness, fearfulness, etc.) that are displayed to an extreme degree or for a prolonged period of time.
- Change in typical personality (e.g., more outgoing or more withdrawn than usual).
- Difficulty connecting with the community, making friends, etc.
- Difficulty dealing with a life event (e.g., death in family, relationship break-up).
- Expressions of hopelessness, isolation, or worthlessness; themes of suicide, self-harm or reference to death and dying.
- Marked irritability, anger, hostility.
- Direct mention of thoughts of self-harm, harm to others, or suicide.
- Mention of dealing with a mental health issue (depression, anxiety, Bipolar disorder, etc), substance abuse, eating disorder, etc.
- Strange or bizarre behavior that is obviously inappropriate to the situation (e.g., seeing or hearing things other people don't).
- Chronic fatigue or falling asleep at inappropriate times.
- Marked change in personal hygiene or appearance.
- Noticeable or dramatic change in energy level.
- Dramatic weight loss or weight gain.
- Impaired speech or confused, disjointed thoughts.
- Frequently appears "hung-over" or attends class intoxicated.
- Noticeable signs of self-harm (cuts, burns, etc).