MA Applied Linguistics
At USF, our Linguistics and TESL programs are among the oldest in the Sunshine State. Linguistics dates back to the early 1960s, early in USF history, and the Applied Linguistics program has prepared ESL/ESOL/EFL educators since the 1970s.
However, our program is known for more than its age-it is known for the quality of our graduates.
Our students are prepared for positions teaching second languages to non-native speakers, whether adults or children. Our alumni have taught in six continents, in public and private institutes, here in the Tampa Bay area and around the world. Other graduates have continued their graduate education and earned doctoral degrees. Many of our alumni hold positions of leadership. In short, our graduates have made a name for the applied linguistics program at USF.
How do we prepare teachers for such a broad range of instructional contexts?
Our instructional approach to the field of applied linguistics includes theory and practical applications. Every course provides students the grounding of theory and research, while making knowledge relevant through application activities. This approach lets our students build up a broad range of expertise. Our graduates know more than classroom techniques: they also know how to interpret the research literature and reflectively apply it to their instructional context.
The internship is another special feature in our MA and Certificate programs. Both include extensive internships. In the MA, for example, students follow a two-semester supervised internship. The MA intern holds full responsibility for a class in the second internship. This internship, if performed at INTO USF English Language Program, pays the student teacher a stipend and a partial tuition waiver. Interns are guided in developing professionalism through the support of an expert mentor.
Different programs of study in applied linguistics are offered at USF. Our primary program leads to a Master of Arts in Linguistics: Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL). This non-thesis program is appropriate for those who wish to teach in intensive English institutes, in community college settings, in private schools, and in international contexts.
Our MA program was established in 1978. Our program is one of the oldest of its kind in the Sunshine State. We work closely with INTO, USF’s English Language Program for international students.
Mutual appreciation, respect, and support mark the faculty-student relationship in our program. Our faculty, all of whom hold Ph.D. degrees, set the level of instruction to challenge students to achieve their best. Our students enjoy graduate courses devoted to graduate students: we do not "cross register" undergraduate and graduate courses. Students receive additional faculty attention since typical class sizes are around 15 students per class. Our students appreciate the opportunities for close faculty mentorship that are available in our program.
Our program prepares students for a broad range of opportunities in Applied Linguistics. Moreover, our graduates enter the job market with a wealth of experiences and professional skills. A recent graduate informed the program that he was offered every job he applied for: His challenge was not finding a job but choosing the best one.
You need not be concerned if you lack teaching experience when you enter our program. You will have gained valuable hands-on experience by the time you graduate as part of the internship component of our program. An internship experience is a required feature of our program, and there is some flexibility in selecting where students complete their internships (e.g., an intensive English program, a community-based ESL program). Our internship is one more reason why our graduates are in high demand in the job market.
Theory Plus Practice
Every class blends theory with practice/application. Pedagogically speaking, yes, you will learn "what to do on Monday morning" but you will go beyond that! In other courses, you will apply linguistic knowledge to real-world problems. With a solid foundation in theory and research, you will know why to select a particular instructional approach. You will be able to interpret, critique, and apply the research literature.
In every class, you will apply theory to practice in assignments that include projects and papers. By compiling these papers, projects, and reflections, you will build up your portfolio gradually throughout your coursework in the program. At the end of your program of studies, you will submit your portfolio for evaluation as part of the comprehensive examination system. Our alumni report that the portfolio is a powerful tool, and that it helped them appreciate what they learned in their courses. It also can be used to demonstrate your experience and abilities to prospective employers.
Our Linguistics Graduate Organization, LINGO, is run by students, for students. Grad students, with the help of a faculty advisor, plan sessions to help in professional development, career preparation, and social interaction. Joining LINGO lets you gain leadership experience and make connections with students and other professionals in the field.
We enjoy a positive climate in our program. This is partly because of the collaborative teamwork carried out by our students. It is also because of the mutual respect between faculty and students. In the MA program, we enjoy a positive atmosphere and high achievement. We invite you to come visit us and see if you would like to make our program your academic home.
What kind of job will I be prepared for with the MA in Linguistics/ESL from USF?
Our Master's program is appropriate if you are interested in teaching adult second language learners or pursuing doctoral studies in Applied Linguistics. This program will prepare you for a career in private language institutes or in university-affiliated language programs. You will be prepared for positions in teaching or administration in these settings. In both the US and abroad, your master's degree will make you a desirable candidate in a competitive job market. Our graduates are also well-prepared for pursuing doctoral studies and have found our MA program to be an excellent foundation for future careers in academia.
What kind of students are enrolled in the program?
Our graduate students come from the United States and many other countries. Most of our students have some English language teaching experience; many of them have worked in international contexts. In our program, you will likely find many shared experiences with the other students. Some students enter our program directly after completing an undergraduate degree. Many of our students enter this field at a later stage in life as a second career.
I'm not a native speaker of English. Will I fit in?
Yes, absolutely. Our program welcomes both native and non-native speakers of English. In fact, international English speakers are an important part of our student population. We do require sufficient English proficiency for academic success as our classes are conducted in English. Native speakers of English are required to demonstrate proficiency of a second language before graduating. In other words, all of our MA students will have personally experienced the second language acquisition process.
How long does it take to complete the M.A. degree?
The length of time depends on whether you attend full-time or part-time. Most students complete the program in two years, though part-time students might need more time. The program duration also depends on how well the course sequence is planned. Most courses are not offered every semester, but on a yearly basis. Every student should ask the Program Director for help in planning their individual program of study.
That's a long time! Don't you have a program that I can finish faster?
We realize that some prospective students might prefer a brief course of study. However, please consider this: the value of an educational degree is related to how much the student invests in it, in terms of time, effort, attention, finances, etc. We recognize that graduate students make sacrifices in order to earn the degree. Based on our graduates' experiences, we are confident that our MA in Linguistics / ESL is valuable for our students' professional and personal development. If you are considering our program but still have questions, you are welcome to call the Program Director to discuss these important matters.
Can I get financial aid or an assistantship?
Many, although not all, of our students are able to find funding to support their graduate education. For more information, please see the Handbook available on the Resources page. There are other work-study programs that might be of interest to prospective students. You should contact the Financial Aid Office, who coordinates scholarships and work-study programs. Also, please be sure to note your interest in financial aid in your application, so that you will receive further information.
Applying for admission can take a surprisingly long time. The actual application document
is not very long, but the other documents take time to prepare. You are encouraged
to plan your admissions packet with careful attention. Your packet represents you to
the Faculty Admissions Committee, so be sure that it reflects the quality of work
that you intend to give your graduate studies. If you have any questions, please e-mail
the graduate director. In the application process, it is also a good idea to make
contact with the graduate director via e-mail so that she is aware of your intent
Please upload all documents (statement of purpose, CV, the three letters of recommendation, official transcripts, and test scores [GRE for everyone, TOEFL for those with an L1 other than English]) to the application website.
Required Documents and Standards for Admission:
- A completed bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university
- An updated curriculum vitae
- GPA of 3.0 or higher for the last two years of undergraduate work. For applicants who have earned a master's degree or doctoral degree, we consider the applicant’s graduate GPA.
- GRE scores (taken within the last five years) at or above 149 (430, prior scale) Verbal and 4 Analytical Writing are generally considered acceptable. The GRE requirement will not be waived. Unofficial GRE scores, the report received in the mail about 3 weeks after the test may be used to initiate the application. However, official scores will need to be provided to USF’s office of admissions as soon as they become available. Applicants who have earned a master's degree or doctoral degree should consult with the Graduate Director about the applicability of the 5-year requirement (although the test itself is still required).
- Three letters of recommendation. The letters would be best if written by former professors. Failing that, letters from supervisors or trainers can address the applicant's ability to learn. Employers can speak of the applicant's personal qualities that might contribute to success as a graduate student and one of the letters may come from these sources. Letters from family or friends are not acceptable.
- A Statement of Purpose, a two-page writing sample. This statement will introduce the applicant to the Applied Linguistics faculty. It should address topics such as academic background, interest in the field, reasons for selecting our program, aspirations for graduate studies, and professional goals. If the applicant would like to be considered for funding (a TA position or a fellowship), please also indicate this in the statement of purpose so that the faculty can direct the applicant to the appropriate sources.
Additional admissions requirements for International Applicants:
- TOEFL scores of
100 or higher on the internet-based text or
250 or higher on the computer-based test or
600 or higher on the paper-and-pencil test
- For admissions purposes, the TOEFL exam is not required if applicants have earned a college degree in an English-medium university in an English-speaking country. Please note that taking ESL courses does not exempt applicants from taking the TOEFL. Also note that students who are exempt from the TOEFL admissions requirement will later need to document English proficiency in order to complete the teaching internship requirement (if it is done on campus). While we accept the IELTS for admission purposes (although the TOEFL is preferred), this test is not accepted by USF to be hired as a TA. Thus, before the teaching internship (or other TA position), English language mastery must be demonstrated through the TOEFL and/or TOEIC.
- The TOEFL is not required for a TA position for international students who come from an English-speaking country.
- Please note that TOEFL scores are valid for two years for admission. If a TOEFL scores is more than two years old, the applicant will need to re-take the TOEFL or satisfy the English proficiency requirement.
- More information about the process, including the online application, may be found
the Office of Admissions.
Our core classes are held in the evening hours. We do this for the convenience of our students, since many students work while in school. Core courses generally meet for a three-hour period once each week. Class size is generally about 15 students per class or smaller. The relatively low student-to-faculty ratio promotes positive learning experiences. Learning is also fostered by the interactive teaching style we like to use.
Please see page 13 of our Student Handbook for Degree Requirements and Course Descriptions.
Applied linguistics and language teaching, in the College of Arts and Sciences at USF, are disciplines we explore by connecting theory, research, and practice. We use linguistic science to help answer real life problems. We are especially interested in solving problems related to culture, second language acquisition, and language teaching.
Our MA is distinctive in how we balance theory and practice. So, if you want to learn "how to," you will learn the nuts and bolts of teaching in our program. And if you want to know "when" and "why" you might also find our program a good option.
Who are our MA students?
Some of our students come to us from counties near the Tampa Bay area. Others have moved to the Sunshine State for our MA degree. We also have students from around the world come to study in our program.
Many of our students already possess considerable experience as language teachers -- whether in the public or private sector -- but this experience is not a requirement. Novices and experts both benefit from graduate studies with us.
Many of our students enter the field because they love learning languages; our program welcomes both native and non-native speakers of English. In fact, international, non-native English speakers are an important part of our student population. We do require sufficient English proficiency for academic success as our classes are conducted in English.
All of our MA students will have personally experienced the second language acquisition process, including the native English speakers. Since language learning is so complex, we require our MA students to demonstrate some level of ability in a second language (L2) before they graduate to have experienced the language learning process.
What are the career options for our MA alumni?
The strength and breadth of our program is evident if you consider where our alumni are employed. Our graduates now teach ESL in Higher Education contexts; others teach EFL in international settings; some direct language institutes; a few have careers in sales or marketing related to international education; others have proceeded to earn doctoral degrees. Our program, as you can imagine, prepares students for a breadth of opportunities in language education and research.
Description of program leading to the Master of Arts in Linguistics
Our main course of study leads to a MA in Linguistics: ESL. In this program, you experience an internship and complete an exit assessment rather than write a thesis. In addition to courses involving linguistic theory and practice, you will take graduate coursework in ESL/EFL/ESOL methodology, curriculum and testing, second language acquisition, cross cultural issues, sociolinguistics, etc.
The Master of Arts in Linguistics requires 36 semester hours total. To pursue the degree on a full-time basis, you will enroll in 9 credit hours, or 3 classes, a semester. To study on a part-time basis, you must still enroll in at least 6 credit hours, or 2 classes. This is the minimum enrollment for our MA students, and may be one reason why we have a 98% graduation record.
Our program seeks to embrace the study of all major aspects of human communication. It is anticipated, therefore, that students may come to us from a variety of backgrounds, and therefore, may be unprepared for graduate level work in one or more of the core areas. To assist students in remedying this problem, we offer LIN 5700, Applied Linguistics, as an intensive, accelerated course in Linguistics for graduate students with little or no previous background.
All students must enroll in LIN 5700 the first term it is available. LIN 6081, Introduction to Graduate Study in Linguistics, must be taken during your first term of enrollment as a graduate student, or during the first term it is available, if not offered during the first term the student is enrolled.
You may not drop either LIN 5700 or LIN 6081, except under extenuating circumstances where you are forced to withdraw from all work attempted in the term. In such a case, you must contact the Program Director and inform him/her of the decision to withdraw.
As a part of the MA program requirements, you must successfully complete the Exit Assessment. The Exit Assessment consists of three parts: a Pedagogical Theory (PT) paper, a Classroom Practice and Reflection (CPR) paper, and the final portfolio.
Before graduating, you will satisfy the foreign language proficiency requirement. You can document your L2 proficiency in various ways. The L2 proficiency proof is an exit requirement, but you should attend to it as early as you can, so you do not delay your graduation.
Academic advising and scheduling will be done in coordination with the Program Director. It is the student’s responsibility, while in residence, to meet with the Program Director regularly, but at least once each semester during the regular registration period to schedule his/her courses for the following semester. Each student is reminded of University Policy Statement 415:
Although the University provides advising services to assist students with academic planning, the responsibility for seeing that all requirements are met rests with the student.