Faculty Publications

Faculty Publications 2020

Powers, Ráchael A., Richard Moule, Cassandra Dodge, and Lyndsay N. Boggess. 2020. Structuring the "Invisible War": A social-ecological model of military sexual assaults, American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 59:204-210. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.03.003.

Boggess, Lyndsay N. and Alyssa W. Chamberlain. 2020. Neighborhood housing investment and domestic assault victimization, Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi: 10.1177/0886260519900312.

Scrivens, R., Burruss, G. W., Holt, T. J., Chermak, S. M., Freilich, J. D., & Frank, R. (2020). Triggered by Defeat or Victory? Assessing the Impact of Presidential Election Results on Extreme Right-Wing Mobilization Online. Deviant Behavior, 1-16.

Perkins, R. C., Howell, C. J., Dodge, C. E., Burruss, G. W., & Maimon, D. (2020). Malicious Spam Distribution: A Routine Activities Approach. Deviant Behavior, 1-17.

Burruss, G. W., Peck, J. H., & Cameron, A. L. (2020). Fifty years post Gault: A meta-analysis of the impact of attorney representation on delinquency outcomes. Journal of Criminal Justice, 66, 101634.

Stewart, Bernadette,*John K. Cochran, Beth Bjerregaard, M. Dwayne Smith, and Sondra J. Fogel. “Cop Killers and the Death Penalty (North Carolina, 1977- 2009). Journal of Crime & Justice, 43(1): 65-77. doi: 10.1080/0735648X.2019.1583595.

Shadmanfaat, Shamilla, C. Jordan Howell,* Caitlyn N. Muniz*, John K. Cochran, Saeed Kabiri, and Eva Fontaine.* “Cyberbullying Perpetration: An Empirical Test of Social Learning Theory in Iran.” Deviant Behavior, 41(3): 278-293. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2019.1565513.

Heide, Kathleen M., Cedric Michel, John K. Cochran, and Norair Khachatryan.* “Juveniles Arrested for Murder: An Empirical Analysis of 37 Years of U.S. Arrest Data by Race.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(11-12): 2111-2141. doi: 10.1177/0886260517721173.

Powers, Ráchael A., John K Cochran., Jon Maskaly, and Christine S. Sellers. “Social Learning Theory and Intimate Partner Violent Victimization: A Structural Equations Approach.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(17-18): 3554-3580. doi: 10.1177/0886260517710486.

Shadmanfaat, Seyyedeh Masoomeh (Shanila), Saeed Kabiri, C. Jordan Howell, Caitlyn N Muniz, and John K. Cochran. “Performance Enhancing Drug Use among Professional Athletes: Testing the Applicability of Key Theoretical Concepts Derived from Situational Action Theory.” Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 44(4): 336-355. doi: 10.11777/0193723520919812.

Kabiri, Saeed, Seyyedeh Masoomeh (Shamila) Shadmanfaat, Hayden Smith, and John K. Cochran. “A Social Learning Model of Antisocial Coaching Behavior.” International Journal of Offender Therapy & Comparative Criminology, 64(8): 860-879 doi: 10.1177/0306624X19899608.

Shadmanfaat, Sevyed Massomeh,* John K. Cochran, Scott F. Allen,* Alex G. Toth,* and Saeed Kabiri. “Sports Gambling among Iranians: A Test of Control and Rational Choice Theories.” Deviant Behavior, 41(5): 591-606. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2019.1580252.

Shadmanfaat, Seyyedeh Masoomeh (Shamila), Saeed Kabiri, Hayden Smith, and John K. Cochran. “A Longitudinal Study of Iranian Fans’ Cyberbullying: The Utility of Social Learning Theory.” Deviant Behavior, 41(12): 1616-1635. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2019.1637996.

Robertson, Z. Fang, D. Weiland, G. Joe, S. Gardner, R. Dembo, L. McReynolds, M. Dickson, J. Pankow, M. Dennis & K. Elkington (2020). Recidivism among justice-involved youth: Findings from JJ-TRIALS. Criminal Justice and Behavior.

R. Dembo (2020). Commentary on Drug Use and Interventions among Justice Involved Youth. Pharmaceutical Sciences and Biomedical Analysis Journal, 3(2):123

W. Welsh, Dembo, R., Lehman, E.K., Bartkowski, J.P., Hamilton, L., Leukefeld, C.G., & Wiley, T.(2020). Critical factors influencing interorganizational relationships between juvenile probation and behavioral health agencies. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research.

R. Dembo, J. Schmeidler, J. Wareham, & J. Faber (2020). Sex and urbanity group comparisons of the impact of a health risk factor on recidivism. American Journal of Criminal Justice.

J. Wareham, R. Dembo, J. M. Krupa, J. Faber, A. Terminello, & J. Cristiano (2020). Gender differences in an exploratory model of family problems and stress-related experiences among justice-involved youth. Victims and Offenders.

G.A. Wasserman, L.S. McReynolds, F. Taxman, S. Belenko, K.S. Elkington, A. Robertson, M.L. Dennis, D.K.Knight, H.K. Knudsen, R. Dembo, A. Ciarleglio, & T. Wiley (2020). The missing link(age): Multilevel contributors to service uptake failure in youths on community justice supervision. Psychiatric Services.

Fox, B., Reid, J., & Masys, A. (Eds.) (2020). Science Informed Policing. Springer. ISBN: 978-3-030-41287-6.

Fox, B., Farrington, D. P., Kapardis, A. & Hambly, O. (2020). Evidence-Based Offender Profiling. Routledge. ISBN: 978-1-000-04967-1.

Leiber, M. J., Fox, B., Escue, M., Krupa, J., & Cochran, J. (2020). Race/ethnicity and the effects of prior case outcomes on current dispositions: Continuity and change in the dispositional careers of juvenile offenders. Justice Quarterly, 37(5), 789-816.

Fox, B., Bozzay, M., & Verona, E. (2020). An analysis of monoamine-related genotypes and childhood trauma in relation to psychopathic traits in men and women. Crime & Delinquency, 66(10), 1438-1469.

Jeanis, M., Fox, B., Jennings, W. G., Perkins, R., & Liberto, A. (2020). Oooh she’s a little runaway: Examining invariance in runaway youth trajectories by developmental and life-course risk factors and gender. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 6(4), 398-423.

Fox, B., Allen, S., Miley, L., Boness, J., Dodge, C., Khachatryan, N., Lyle, M., McKinley, S., Peake, J., & Rozo, M. (2020). Law enforcement and academics working together on cold case investigations: Lessons learned and paths forward. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 10(2), 93-111.

Rosa Escue, M., Fox, B., & Jennings, W. G. (2020). Do developmental and life-course theory risk factors equally predict age of onset among juvenile sexual and non-sexual offenders? Sexual Abuse, 32(1), 55–78.

Isom, D.A., Grosholz, J.M., Whiting, S., & Beck. T. (2020). A gendered look at Latinx general strain theory. Feminist Criminology. Advance Online Publication. doi:10.1177/1557085120973077

Isom Scott, D.A., Whiting, S., & Grosholz, J.M. (2020). Examining and expanding Latinx general strain theory. Race & Justice. Advance Online Publication. doi:10.1177/2153368720930409

Grosholz, J.M., Kabongo, J.D., Morris, M.H., & Wichern, A. (2020). Entrepreneurship education in the transformation of incarcerated individuals: A review of the literature and future research directions. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 64(15), 1551-1570.

Semenza, D.C., Isom Scott, D.A., Grosholz, J.M., & Jackson, D.B. (2020). Disentangling the reciprocal health-crime relationship among adults: The role of healthcare access and health behaviors. Social Science & Medicine. Advance Online Publication. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.112800

Semenza, D.C., & Grosholz, J.M. (2020). Teen dating violence and stalking. In R. Geffner, V. Vieth, V. Vaughan-Eden, A. Rosenbaum, L.K. Hamberger, & J. White (eds.), Handbook of interpersonal violence across the lifespan. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. Online First doi:10.1007/978-3-319-62122-7_21-1

Grosholz, J.M., & Pieri, Z.P. (2020). “A skinhead at heart with a hate-filled mind”: Understanding the themes present in white power music. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. Advance Online Publication. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2020.1862818

Haner, Murat, Melissa M. Sloan, Justin Pickett, & Francis T. Cullen. (2020). “Safe Haven or Dangerous Place? Stereotype Amplification and Americans’ Perceived Risk of Terrorism, Violent Street Crime, and Mass Shootings.” British Journal of Criminology. Advance online publication, DOI:10.1093/bjc/azaa045 

Haner, Murat, Melissa M. Sloan, Francis T. Cullen, Amanda Graham, Cheryl Lero Jonson, & Teresa C. Kulig. (2020). “Making America Safe Again: Public Support for Policies to Reduce Terrorism.” Deviant Behavior. Advance online publication, DOI: 10.1080/01639625.2020.1738638 

Kulig, Teresa C., Amanda Graham, Francis T. Cullen, Alex R. Piquero, & Murat Haner. (2020). “‘Bad Hombres’ at the Southern U.S. Border? White Nationalism and the Perceived Dangerousness of Uninvited Immigrants.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology.  

Sloan, Melissa M., Murat Haner, Francis T. Cullen, Cheryl Lero Jonson, & Teresa Kulig. (2020). "Using Behavioral Strategies to Cope with the Threat of Terrorism: A National- Level Study.” Crime & Delinquency. Advance online publication, DOI: 10.1177/0011128720940984 

Graham, Amanda, Murat Haner, Melissa M. Sloan, Francis T. Cullen, Cheryl Lero Jonson, & Teresa C. Kulig. (2020). “Race and Worrying About Police Brutality: The Hidden Injuries of Minority Status in America.” Victims & Offenders, 5(5), 549-573. 

Graham, Amanda, Francis T. Cullen, Justice T. Pickett, Cheryl Lero Jonson, Murat Haner & Melissa M. Sloan. (2020). “Faith in Trump, Moral Foundations, and Social Distancing Defiance During the Coronavirus Pandemic.” Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, 6, 1-23.

Jaynes, C.M. (2020). The Relationship Between Job Quality and Crime: Examining Heterogeneity in Treatment and Treatment Effect. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 57(6): 693-740.

Lee, J., Jaynes, C.M., Ropp*, J. (2020). Satisfaction, Legitimacy, and Guilty Pleas: How Perceptions and Attorneys Affect Defendant Decision-Making. Justice Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/07418825.2020.1786147

Beaudry-Cyr*, M., Leiber, M. Brubaker, S.J., Jaynes, C.M. (2020). The Liberation Hypothesis Perspective and Juvenile Court Outcomes:  Implications for an Understanding of the Interplay Between Offender and Offense Characteristics. Crime and Delinquency, 66(6-7): 806-836.

Oliphant*, Z., Jaynes, C.M., Moule Jr., R.K. (2020). Social Preferences and Environmental Behavior: A Comparison of Self-reported and Observed Behaviors. Sustainability, 12(15): 1-16.

Jaynes, C.M., & Loughran, T.A. (2020). How Offender Decision-Making Can Inform Policing: A Focus on the Perceived Certainty of Apprehension. In B. Fox, J.A. Reid, & A.J. Masys (eds.) Science Informed Policing (pp. 3-18). New York, NY: Springer.]

Lynch, Michael J. (2020). Climate Change and Criminology: An Overview with Future Directions.  The Criminologists.  45 (2): 1-6.

Lynch, Michael J., Paul B. Stretesky and Michael A. Long. 2020. Climate Change,  Temperature and Crime: A Tale of Two Cities, 1895-2015. Weather, Climate and Society. 12 (1): 171-181.

Lynch, Michael J. 2020. Green Criminology and Environmental Crime: Criminology that matters in the age of global ecological collapse.  Journal of White Collar and Corporate Crime. 1(1): 50-61.

Lynch, Michael J., Paul B. Stretesky and Michael Long. (2020). The Treadmill of Production and the Treadmill of Law: Propositions for Analyzing Law, Ecological Disorganization and Crime. Capitalism, Nature, Socialism  31 (1): 107-122

Lynch, Michael J., Paul B. Stretesky, Michael A. Long and Kimberly L. Barrett. 2020. Expanding Treadmill of Production Analysis within Green Criminology by Integrating Metabolic Rift and Ecological Unequal Exchange Theories. Pp. 79-94 in A. Brisman and N. South (eds), Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology, 2nd Edition. London: Routledge.

Lynch, Michael J. (2020). Green criminology and the working class: Political ecology and the expanded implications of political economic analysis in green criminology. Pp. 433-448 in A. Brisman and N. South (eds), Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology, 2nd Edition. London: Routledge

Lynch, Michael J., Michael A. Long, and Paul B. Stretesky. 2020. Geographic Variations in, and Correlates of Green/Environmental Crime Across US States: A Preliminary assessment.  In K. Lersch and J. Chakraborty (eds), Geographies of Behavioral Health, Crime and Disorder. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Fox, Bryanna, Kelly Kortright*, Lexi Gill*, Daniela Oramas Mora*, Richard K. Moule Jr., and Edelyn Verona. In press. Heterogeneity in early and adult risk factor profiles of incarcerated offenders: A latent transition analysis. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. Special issue on Developmental Perspectives on Youth Violence: The Role of Trauma and Other Life Experiences. DOI: 10.1177/1541204020939648. [Article link]. 

Moule Jr., Richard K., and Bryanna Fox. In press. Belief in the code of the street and individual involvement in offending: A meta-analysis. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. DOI: 10.1177/1541204020927737. [Article link].

Fox, Bryanna, Richard K. Moule Jr., Chae M. Jaynes, and Megan M. Parry. In press. Is the effect of legitimacy and its components invariant?: Operationalization and the generality of Sunshine and Tyler’s empowerment hypothesis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. DOI: 10.1177/0022427820926228 [Article link]. 

Oliphant, Zachary*, Chae M. Jaynes, and Richard K. Moule Jr. 2020. Social preferences and       sustainability: A comparison of self-reported and observed behaviors. Sustainability 12: 6023. Special issue on Promoting Pro-Sociality in the Real World: Theory and Experiments. [Article link]. 

Powers, Ráchael A., Richard K. Moule Jr., Cassandra A. Dodge*, and Lyndsay N. Boggess. 2020. Structuring the “invisible war”: Base and community influences on military sexual assault occurrence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 59: 204-210. [Article link]. 

Moule Jr., Richard K. 2020. Under siege?: Public perceptions of the “war on police.” Journal of Criminal Justice 66. [Article link].

Ngo, Fawn T. & Piquero, Alex R. (2020). “Low Self-control, Harassment Perpetration, and Stalking Victimization among Asian College Students.” Victims & Offenders: The International Journal of Evidence-based Research, Policy, and Practice, 15, 78-102. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15564886.2019.1671281

Ngo, Fawn T., Piquero, Alex R., LaPrade, Jennifer* & Duong, Bao* Q. (2020). “Cybercrime Victimization: Is It How Long We Spend Online, What We Do Online, Or What We Post Online?” Criminal Justice Review, 45, 430-451. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0734016820934175

Ngo, Fawn T. (2020) “Stalking Victimization: Examining the Impact of Police Action and Inaction on Victim-reported Outcome.” Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 35, 146-156. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11896-019-09320-x

Ngo, Fawn T. (2020). Racial Differences in Stalking Victimization, Police Reporting and Coping Strategies among White, Black, and Asian Americans. In H. C. Chan and L. Sheridan (Eds.). Psycho-Criminological Approaches to Stalking Behavior: The International Perspective(pp. 37-53). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.  https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=9wzWDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA37&dq=info:LBDCX-dg76EJ:scholar.google.com&ots=5KQwPRF8Mx&sig=RWftcMtl6ClcbcXxCbuzrEZscR0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Ngo, Fawn T., Govindu, Ramakrishna, Agarwal, Anurag, & MacDonald, Callen (2020). Malicious Software Threats. In Thomas J. Holt and Adam Bossler (Eds.). The Palgrave Handbook of International Cybercrime and Cyberdeviance (pp. 793-913). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-319-78440-3_35

Powers, R.A., Moule, R.K., Dodge., C.E.*, and Boggess, L. (2020). Structuring the “invisible war:” Base and community influences on military sexual assault occurrence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine., 59(2), 204-210.

Powers, R.A., Khachatryan, N.*, and Socia, K. (2020). Reporting victimization to the police: The role of racial-dyad and bias motivation. Policing & Society, 30(3), 310-326.

Powers, R.A., Cochran, J.K., Maskaly, J., and Sellers, C.S. (2020). Social learning theory, gender, and intimate partner violent victimization: A structural equations approach. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35(17-18), 3554-3580.

Muniz, C.*, and Powers, R.A. (2020). The role of respondent gender and sexual orientation in shaping punitive attitudes and perceptions of responsibility for same- and opposite-sex student-teacher relationships. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 26(2), 232-250.

Jennings, W.G., Powers, R.A., and Bishopp, S.A. (2020). A longitudinal analysis of sexual assault incidents by race/ethnicity. International Journal of Criminal Justice, 41-54.

Reid, Joan A. & Eric Beauregard (2020). Exploring a Machine Learning Approach: Predicting Death in Sexual Assault. Journal of Criminal Justice, 71, Article 101741. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101741

Piquero, Alex, Jordan Riddell, Bishopp, Steven, Chelsey Narvey, Joan A. Reid, & Nicole Piquero (2020). Reply to Gonzalez et al. American Journal of Criminal Justice 45, 1111–1118. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-020-09575-9

Piquero, Alex, Jordan Riddell, Bishopp, Steven, Chelsey Narvey, Joan A. Reid, & Nicole Piquero (2020). Staying Home, Staying Safe? A Short-Term Analysis of COVID19 on Dallas Domestic Violence. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 601–635. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-020-09531-7

Wagers, Shelly, Alex R. Piquero, Chelsey Narvey, Joan A. Reid & Thomas A. Loughran (2020). Variation in Exposure to Violence in Early Adolescence Distinguishes between Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration Among Young Men Involved in the Justice System. Journal of Family Violence. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00170-4

Lanctôt, Nadine, Joan A. Reid, & Catherine Laurier (2020). Nightmares and Flashbacks: The Impact of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children among Girls Placed in Residential Care. Child Abuse & Neglect, 100 (Article 104195). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.104195

Fox, Bryanna, Joan A. Reid, & Anthony J. Masys, Editors (2020). Science Informed Policing. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41287-6

Reid, Joan A. & Bryanna Fox (2020). Human Trafficking and the Darknet: Technology, Innovation, and Evolving Criminal Justice Strategies. In Fox, Bryanna, Joan A. Reid, & Anthony J. Masys (Eds.) Science Informed Policing. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41287-6_5

Reid, Joan A. (2020). File review research with child victims of sex trafficking. SAGE Research Methods Cases. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781529734379

Weiss, D. B., Testa, A., & Rennó Santos, M. (2020). Institutional anomie and cross‐national differences in incarceration. Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9125.12242

Concha-Eastman, A., Muñoz, A., & Rennó Santos, M. (2020). Homicides in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Latin America. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190926557.013.46

Testa, A., Rennó Santos, M., Weiss, D. B. (2020). Incarceration Rates and Hospital Beds Per Capita: A Cross-National Study of 36 Countries, 1971-2015. Social Sciences & Medicine.

Rennó Santos, M., Weiss, D. B., & Testa, A. (2020). International Migration and cross-national homicide: Considering the role of economic development. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924036.2020.1844250

Rennó Santos, M., Lu, Y., & Fairchild, R. (2020). Age, Period, and Cohort Differences Between the Homicide Trends of Canada and the United States. The British Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa080

Stone, S. S. (2020).  Program Evaluation of the Manatee County Opioid-Focused Recovery Peer Coach Pilot Program.  Submitted to the Florida Department of Health –Manatee. 

Unnever, James D. and Akwasi Owusu-Bempah 2020 “A Black Criminology.” In Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2nd Edition James D. Unnever and Akwasi Owusu-Bempah. Routledge Press: New York, NY.

James D. Unnever and Cecilia Chouhy 2020 “Black Males, Impulsivity, And Externalizing Behaviors: A Black Criminology Analysis.” Justice Quarterly. Forthcoming.

Cecilia Chouhy and James D. Unnever 2020 “Is Collective Efficacy a Theory of Offending? Unraveling the Relationship between Individual-Level Perceptions of Collective Efficacy and Youth Offending.” Justice Quarterly. Forthcoming.

Unnever, James D. and Cecilia Chouhy 2020 “Race, Racism, And The Cool Pose: Exploring Black And White Male Masculinity.” Social Problems. Forthcoming.

Wareham, J. & Wagers, S. M. (2020) Testing the generality of an internal power theory of interpersonal violence across the lifespan across sex and race/ethnicity. Journal of Social and Interpersonal Relationships, Vol, 37 https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407520948618. 

Wagers, S.M. & Radatz, D. L. (2020). Emerging treatment models and programs in intimate partner violence treatment: An introduction to a special two-part series. Partner Abuse. DOI:  10.1891/PA-2020-0015 

Wagers, S. M., Piquero, A. R., Narvey, C., Reid, J., & Loughran, T. Variation in exposure in early adolescence distinguishes between intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration among justice-involved young men. Journal of Family Violence, (2020). doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00170-4

Wagers, S. M., Hamberger, L. K. & Sellers, C. (2020). Clarifying the complex roles of power and control in advancing theories of intimate partner violence. In Geffner, B., White, J.W., Hamberger, L.K., Rosenbaum, A., Vaughan-Eden, V. & Vieth, V. I. (Eds) Handbook of interpersonal violence and abuse across the lifespan: A project of the National Partnership to End (Interpersonal Violence Across the Lifespan (NPEIV). New York: Springer Nature. DOI.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62122-7_141-1

Wang, S.-Y. Kevin, Ming-Li Hsieh, Charles Chang, Pin-Syuan Jiang, and Douglas Dallier. 2020 “Collaboration between law enforcement agencies in combating cybercrime” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X20952391

Cao, Liqun & S.-Y. Kevin Wang. 2020 "Correlates of stalking in Canada: A model of social support and comorbidity" International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2020.100437 

Wang, S.-Y. Kevin, Ivan Sun, Yuning Wu, Maarten Van Craen, & Kevin Kuen-Lung Hsu. 2020 "Does trusting in supervisors translate to compliance and cooperation? A test of internal procedural justice among Taiwanese police officers" Australian and New 3 Zealand Journal of Criminology, 53(3): 433-453. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004865820917996 

Wang, S.-Y. Kevin & Ivan Sun. 2020 "A comparative study of rural and urban residents’ trust in police in Taiwan" International Criminal Justice Review, 30(2): 197-218. DOI: 10.1177/1057567718763724