The Care Team refers to a collection of professional staff, student assistants, and faculty joined in the cause of ensuring that EVERY student can succeed.
The extraordinary efforts of the Student Success and Student Affairs team may include attention even to individual students, where academic progress is "charted" the way a medical team may keep records about health.
If you submit a message to the Care Team via Canvas, you're a part of the team. That's especially true if you request information about how the student is faring after your referral.
Contact Care Team via "Refer a Student"
A tool now available in Canvas labeled "Refer a Student" provides an intuitive means for faculty to send a referral about a student to these Care Team professionals.
Case managers will receive your referral and may ask staff members assigned to this student's Care Team to reach out to the student—examples might include RAs, student peer leaders, academic advisors, or tutors. Depending on the nature of your referral, you may not hear back about action taken with regard to the student, but the case managers within the Care Team will normally try to follow up with faculty members to the extent possible.
Note that students are not sent an automated message about your referral. It is generally best practice to inform the student that you will be making a referral so as not to alarm them if they receive a message from any of the Care Team members, but use your judgment about what is best for this particular student.
When to refer students:
- They have not been attending class
- Their class grade has taken a sudden turn for the worse
- They express they may not return due to financial reasons
- They doubt they can succeed at USF
- They have holds on their accounts and don't know how to get them removed
Watch this video for more context on when to refer a student: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27Hnq4wABDU
While there is no universal threshold for when to refer a student - another moment where your best judgment is the practical guideline that matters - in general you should send a referral if the student is struggling academically and you would like additional campus partners beside yourself working to assist this student, or, if a case of wellness or distress, you sense that the student could benefit from professionals who care about their well-being and can assist.
Students in Distress / SOCAT
Note that selecting the Wellness/Distress option will lead you to the SOCAT online referral: http://www.usf.edu/SOCATreferral; however, remember that if there is an imminent threat of any kind, you should instead contact University Police at 911 to establish safety prior to submitting the SOCAT referral.
Often, a sudden drop in academic performance is an indicator of deeper problems. You're encouraged to submit the request with the Wellness/Distress option if you have a gut feeling, even if you lack proof, that something may be amiss with the student.
To learn more about the SOCAT process, visit this YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oj7ecyjIfU
Entering a Referral
Click on the tool "Refer Students" within your Canvas course. When clicked, this tool will show a photo roster of students, with nearby fields to select the main reason for the referral (choices include Academics, Attendance, Writing, or Wellness/Distress), and a required field to describe the perceived problem.
You should enter a fair amount of specific information in the Description box:
- Specific details about the reason for the referral ("essay is riddled with grammatical errors" is more useful than "bad English")
- Course information (subject prefix and number)
- Instructor contact information (USF email preferred)
- Specific resource(s) instructor is recommending for the student, if any
You would click the blue "Refer Student" button to send off the message.
Normally, faculty will not hear back about this case - this is more of a one-way communication to the Care Team. When a Care Team member does create a follow-up note within the system, an automated email may be generated back to the faculty member as well, with a clickable link that will not work for faculty, as it's meant only for Care Team members.
Here's a video tutorial of the process: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6UuabvUyFY&feature=youtu.be
The Ethics of Caring
When we demonstrate to students that "we care", we are creating a relationship that intentionally and by design crosses new boundaries. Instead of leaving students on their own, we are reaching out to them, perhaps even invading what they consider to be "their space" in the outreach. This creates the potential for miscommunication, misunderstandings, and injured feelings. So it's going to be important to think through carefully exactly HOW we are crossing new boundaries.
As instructor, you have the important duty of giving grades to students. But is that duty compromised in any fashion--even in subtle or unconscious ways--if you also learn things about the student by hearing back from the Care Team? Maybe the closest professional role to this Care Team concept is academic advisor. These professionals have a clear ethical directive that seems directly portable to faculty members making referrals:
- Avoid or minimize harm
- Respect for Persons
- Living up to our commitments
The Pygmalion Effect
Here's a definition of this teaching problem from Duquesne University:
The work of Rosenthal and Jacobsen (1968), among others, shows that teacher expectations influence student performance. Positive expectations influence performance positively, and negative expectations influence performance negatively. Rosenthal and Jacobson originally described the phenomenon as the Pygmalion Effect. "When we expect certain behaviors of others, we are likely to act in ways that make the expected behavior more likely to occur." (Rosenthal and Babad, 1985) In terms of teaching, faculty who gripe about students establish a climate of failure, but faculty who value their students' abilities create a climate of success.
In other words, teacher expectations can lead to self-fulfilling prophecies. This can be a teaching challenge (or an opportunity) all by itself, but the issue becomes even more pronounced when teachers have access to student records. The Pygmalion Effect is precisely the reason that college professors normally do not have access to student GPAs, let alone anything about the student's emotional state. Having any of those could prejudice the faculty member and make them grade the students differently:
- "Johnny has a 2.1 GPA and has been on academic probation - his term paper will warrant special scrutiny"
- "Jane has had a rough semester with appendicitis and chronic flu. She probably would appreciate extra time to complete the project."
Of course, the modern world has precedent for this kind of thing, in the form of the medical field. Any time you see a doctor, that person has information about your past ailments, the health of your organs, and all sorts of things that are normally private. Doctors are humans too, but they don't react like regular humans in these circumstances. They have long cultivated a certain kind of clinical detachment. When they see parts of your health that are quite private, they mentally take on a new mindset (perhaps even a personality) that doesn't react or even observe anything from an emotional point of view. It's all logic, facts, and science.
It is conceivable that faculty members hearing info from the Care Team could similarly adopt a clinical detachment, and view students from a logical rather than an emotional perspective. The challenge is the same one that doctors face: while a "scientific/impersonal" demeanor can reduce embarrassment during a physical exam, doctors sometimes need to show empathy or else risk coming across as robotic, especially when delivering bad news. There has to be a balance between empathizing with students and maintaining an impartial distance.
The on-campus version of this could be something like an instructor having inside knowledge on the student, but compartmentalizing it so completely that it doesn't enter consciousness during teaching... almost like forgetting about it, so as to avoid the risk of treating this one student differently. On the other hand, perhaps keeping the information resident in memory is going to be necessary to effectively help the student, in which case the "poker face" of clinical detachment is going to be necessary. We need to find that golden mean, that Goldilocks balance of *just the right amount* of both caring and detachment.